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The Last of the Unjust

The Last of the Unjust

Original Title: Le Dernier des injustes
Directors: Claude Lanzmann
Austria / France
French and German with English Subtitles
218 min

For his latest documentary epic, Claude Lanzmann (Shoah) revisits the footage of his 1975 interviews with Benjamin Murmelstein, the president of Theresienstadt’s Jewish Council of Elders, and the only "Jewish Elder" to survive the war. The strikingly intelligent, charismatic Murmelstein candidly reflects on his unique historical role, one for which he was both demonized and celebrated. Through these interviews and visits to historical sites, Lanzmann provides an incisive view of a complex, beguiling character.

Links: Website Trailer

Producer: David Frenkel, Jean Labadie, Danny Krausz

Film Format: DCP

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Claude Lanzmann


Born in Paris, on November 27th, 1925. He was one of the organizers of the Resistance at Blaise Pascal Highschool in Clermont-Ferrand in 1943. He took part in the undercover urban struggle, then joined the “ maquis ” Resistance fighters in the Auvergne region. In 1952, while working as a lector for literature and philosophy at the Freie Universität Berlin, during the blocus of Berlin (1948-1949), he becomes friends with Jean-Paul Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir. So began his lifelong involvement with the famous monthly magazine Les Temps Modernes, of which he is now the Director. Until 1970, he divided his time between Les Temps Modernes and journalism, writing a host of articles and first-hand reports and remaining true to both his loyalty to Israel (which he visited for the first time in 1952), and his commitment against colonialism. He was a co-signer of the “Manifesto of the 121 ” which denounced the repression in Algeria and called for civil disobedience. One of the ten persons prosecuted following the Manifesto, he began working on a special issue of Les Temps Modernes devoted to the Arab-Israeli conflict, in which for the first time both sides exposed their arguments. In 1970, Claude Lanzmann turned to film-making. He made the film ISRAEL, WHY, partly as an answer to his former comrades from the anti-colonialist struggle, who refused to understand how one can stand simultaneously for the independence of Algeria and for the survival of Israel. The premiere was held in the U.S.A. at the New York Film Festival on 7th October 1973, just a few hours after the outbreak of the Yom Kippur war. During the summer of 1973, Claude Lanzmann started to work on SHOAH, which took eleven years of full-time work to accomplish. Released worldwide from 1985 onwards, it was hailed as a major event, both historically and cinematographically. Since then the echo of SHOAH hasn’t creased to grow. After ISRAEL, WHY and SHOAH , TSAHAL, a film about fear and courage, about the conquest of courage, about weapons and the re-appropriation of force and violence by the Jews, was the third and final piece in Claude Lanzmann’s trilogy, which he has been carrying within him from the beginning. A VISITOR FROM THE LIVING, his fourth film, takes as a starting point an interview he conducted with Maurice Rossel in 1979 during the shooting of SHOAH. It is a unique piece of evidence in the history of the Second World War: dispatched to Berlin in 1942 as a representative of the International Red Cross, Maurice Rossel was the only one to visit Auschwitz in 1943, when the camp was working at maximum efficiency as a death camp. He also headed the Red Cross delegation in June 1944 to inspect the “model ghetto ” at Theresienstadt. SOBIBOR, OCTOBER 14TH 1943, 4 P.M., the fifth film of Claude Lanzmann, was part of the Official Selection at the Cannes Film Festival 2001 (out of contest). Claude Lanzmann, published in March 2009 memoirs « The Patagonian Hare », a personal journey which runs through the history of the 20th Century. In 2013 he was awarded the Honorary Golden Bear for lifetime achievement at the 63rd Berlin International Film Festival. FILMS BY CLAUDE LANZMANN 2013 THE LAST OF THE UNJUST 2010 THE KARSKI REPORT 2001 SOBIBOR, OCTOBER 14th 1943, 4 pm 1997 A VISITOR FROM THE LIVING 1994 TSAHAL 1985 SHOAH 1973 ISRAEL, WHY

Producer: David Frenkel, Jean Labadie, Danny Krausz

Editor: Chantal Hymans

Production Companies: Synecdoche, Le Pacte, Dor Film Produktion

John and Jacolyn Bucksbaum Family Foundation
French Consulate